Twenty-four patients with chronic bronchitis were treated with prednisone 30 mg daily or placebo for one week each in a double-blind crossover study. Acute bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchial tubes (airways) in the lungs. Symptoms include fever, cough with mucus, and wheezing. Common causes of bronchitis include viruses that cause the The main goals in treating both acute and chronic bronchitis are Prednisone. There are 2 types of bronchitis: acute and chronic. Hay AD et al. Adapted presnisone references 7 and 8. As your body fights the virus, swelling occurs and mucus is produced. Most cases of acute bronchitis go away on their own in 7 to 10 days. It can help open your bronchial tubes and clear out mucus.